Primary Health Care (PHC) is the first level of contact of individuals, the family and community with the national health system PHC is based on five underlying principles

  • community involvement,
  • prevention first,
  • equitable distribution,
  • appropriate intervention,
  • and multi-sectoral collaboration.

In LMICs, PHC implementation research is currently fragmented, uncoordinated, under financed, frequently focused on measuring gaps and improving inputs to care including supplies, infrastructure, and financing while ignoring the core function of service delivery within PHC.

A vision for primary health care in the 21st century: towards universal health coverage and the Sustainable Development Goals. Geneva: World Health Organization and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), 2018 (WHO/HIS/SDS/2018.X). Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO